(Also known as Barberry)
Berberis aristata, darwinii, thunbergii
Type of weed: Woody weed
Priority Weed Local Priority Weed. (See more weeds of the Local Priority Weed class.)
Flowering Months: January, October, November, December
An erect spiny deciduous shrub, ranging between 2 m and 3 m in height. A distinguishing feature is the rich turmeric yellow colour of the stem under the bark.
Leaves are in clusters of five to eight, with spiny toothed edges, leathery and approximately 5 cm long and 2 cm wide. They are deep green on the top surface and light green underneath.
Flower buds are white turning yellow during spring in drooping clusters. It flowers late spring to early summer.
Bright red berries containing seed turn blue when mature.
Seed is spread by birds, foxes, water, vehicles, machinery and in soil.
Impact on bushland
The plant invades bushland forming dense thickets that prevent native species from growing.
Choose plants that are spiky and/or provide bird habitat:
- Lambertia formosa
- Hakea teretifolia
- Banksia spinulosa
- Banksia marginata
- Leucopogen lanceolatus
- Callistemon spp.
For plants with berries
- Native Mulberry (Hedycarya angustifolia)
- Blueberry Ash (Eleocarpus reticulatus)
Council provides a tool, on its Mountain Landscapes website, to help you choose native alternative plantings. Choose your village, soil, vegetation community and the purpose of your planting, and the tool will give you suggestions.
There are native nurseries in several Blue Mountains villages, including Glenbrook, Lawson and Katoomba. Please also ask at your favourite local nursery.
- Hand remove
- Remove flowers, fruit, pods or seeds
- Stem inject or frill
- Cut and paint
Grasp stem at ground level. Rock weed backwards and forwards to loosen roots, then pull out gently. Carefully tap the roots to dislodge attached soil. Replace disturbed soil and pat down.
- Leave weeds so that roots do not make contact with soil; on a rock, for instance. A small amount of debris may be hung in a tree or removed from the site.
- Vary the position of your body to avoid fatigue when removing plants by hand over extended periods.
Remove seeds, pods or fruit
Gently remove any seeds, pods or fruit and carefully place in a bag.
Note: Herbicides that may be used for this weed include Glyphosate.
Stem injection or frilling
At the base of the tree, drill holes at a 45° angle into the sapwood (just under the outer bark) at two finger space intervals around the entire base of the tree. Repeat this process below the lowest branch
As an alternative to drilling, make cuts into the sapwood with a chisel or axe. Fill each cut/hole with herbicide immediately. Repeat the process at 3 cm intervals around the tree.
Plants should be healthy and actively growing. Deciduous plants should be treated in spring and autumn when leaves are fully formed. For multi-stemmed plants, inject or chip below the lowest branch or treat each stem individually. Herbicide must be injected immediately before the plant cells close (within 30 seconds before translocation of herbicide ceases.)
Cut and paint
Useful for small to medium sized woody weeds up to 10 cm in diameter.
Make a horizontal cut as close to the ground as possible with secateurs or loppers, and immediately apply concentrated Glyphosate to the exposed stump surface. Do not allow the surface to get covered with soil.
Specific control tips for this weed
- Seedlings can be hand pulled if all the roots can be removed.
- More established small plants can be treated with the cut and paint method, using herbicide.
- Larger plants can be stem injected.
- Scrape and paint roots as well as stems.
Because the berries are spread by birds it is best to treat plants before they fruit. Alternatively, bag the fruit and treat in a hot compost to kill the seeds. Other parts of the plant can be spread out to dry off the ground. When dead, the material can be left to decompose in place, or removed and placed in compost.
For key points on these techniques:
Local Priority Weed
- The plant should be fully and continuously suppressed and destroyed.
- Plants under 4 metres in height should be fully and continuously suppressed and destroyed.
- The spread of this plant should be adequately contained to prevent spread impacting on priority assets. Weed notices will only be issued for these weeds under special circumstances.