(Also known as English Broom)
Type of weed: Woody weed
Erect, woody perennial shrub to 3 m, with ridged, much-branched stems, common in disturbed areas.
Sparse, tiny grey-green leaves with three leaflets; older plants may be almost leafless.
Large numbers of bright yellow pea flowers, either single or in pairs, along the stems in spring.
Flat, green seed pods turn black, producing huge numbers of hard brown shiny seeds, believed to survive seventy years or more in the soil.
Don’t confuse with…
Large plants can be confused with native pea plants such as Gompholobium, because of a similar flower.
Small plants of Broom spurge (Ampera xiphoclada) can be confused with this weed because both have angular stems. Broom spurge is three-sided; broom is four-sided, or square, in cross section. The leaves and habit of Gonocarpus teucrioides, when less than 0.5 m tall, can also look similar.
Seed pods eject seeds up to 4 m from the plant (up to 6,000 per plant per year). Seeds can also be spread by water, animals, mud on shoes or tyres, or in contaminated soil. The plant germinates readily after a fire or soil disturbance.
Impact on bushland
Broom is extremely competitive with native plants, retarding the growth of many understory species, leading to a loss of biodiversity.
Broom alters the bushland habitat in which it grows — shading out native plants, keeping soil cool and changing soil chemistry — producing conditions that are unsuitable for local native plants.
- Mountain Devil (Lambertia formosa)
- Hakea teretifolia
- Banksia spinulosa
- Native Dogwood (Jacksonia scoparia) (Lower Mountains)
- Sunshine Wattle (Acacia terminalis)
- Golden Glory Pea (Gompholobium latifolium)
- Native Pea Flowers (Pultenaea spp)
Council provides a tool, on its Mountain Landscapes website, to help you choose native alternative plantings. Choose your village, soil, vegetation community and the purpose of your planting, and the tool will give you suggestions.
Specific control tips for this weed
CONTROL MEASURE: THE PLANT MUST BE ERADICATED FROM THE LAND AND BE KEPT FULLY AND CONTINUOUSLY SUPPRESSED AND DESTROYED; AND THE LAND MUST BE KEPT FREE OF THE PLANT
Follow-up is needed as removal of plants will stimulate the germination of seeds in the soil.
For more infoFor key points on these techniques:Noxious and Environmental Weed Control Handbook.
State Priority Weed
- The plant must be eradicated from the land and be kept fully and continuously suppressed and destroyed; and the land must be kept free of the plant.
- If the weed is part of a new infestation of the weed on the land, notify the local control authority as soon as practicable.